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Let's Learn Turkish
Let's Learn Turkish - Haydi Türkçe Öğrenelim

Future Tense

Future Tense
(acak/ecek)
Turkish future tense uses the suffixes "acak" and "ecek". The future tense verb contains the verb root, "acak" or "ecek" and the personal suffix.

We obtain the verb root by removing the "mak/mek" from the infinitive form. For example, the verb root of "yazmak" would be "yaz", "izlemek" would be "izle" and "başlamak" would be "başla".

Turkish future tense can be expressed in four ways:

Positive (Eg. I will write)
Negative (Eg. I will not write)
Positive Question (Eg. Will I write?)
Negative Question (Eg. Will I not write?)
I Ben
You Sen
He / She / It O
We Biz
You (Plural) Siz
They Onlar
Personal pronouns
POSITIVE

To form a positive future tense verb, we start off with the verb root. We attach one of "acak/ecek" based on the last vowel found in the verb root. Finally we attach the personal suffix.

Present Simple Tense

Present Simple Tense
(r)
We use the present simple tense for actions that we do all the time. It is used for actions that we have done in the past, that we still do now and that we will continue to do in the future. Eg.:

I write
I eat
He thinks
She uses
They draw

In Turkish, we indicate the present simple tense by attaching certain suffixes to the verb root. We obtain the verb root by removing the "mak/mek" from the infinitive form. For example, the verb root of "yazmak" would be "yaz", "kullanmak" would be "kullan" and "yemek" would be "ye".

We can express the present simple tense in four ways:

Positive (Eg. I eat)
Negative (Eg. I do not eat)
Positive Question (Eg. Do I eat?)
Negative Question (Eg. Do I not eat?)
I Ben
You Sen
He / She / It O
We Biz
You (Plural) Siz
They Onlar
Personal pronouns
POSITIVE

Present Continuous Tense

Present Continuous Tense
(yor)
Turkish present continuous tense uses the suffix "yor". The present continuous tense verb is basically one big word containing the verb root, "yor" and the personal suffix.

We obtain the verb root by removing the "mak/mek" from the infinitive form. For example, the verb root of "yazmak" would be "yaz", "izlemek" would be "izle" and "konuşmak" would be "konuş".

We can express the present continuous tense in four ways:

Positive (Eg. I am writing)
Negative (Eg. I am not writing)
Positive Question (Eg. Am I writing?)
Negative Question (Eg. Am I not writing?)
I Ben
You Sen
He / She / It O
We Biz
You (Plural) Siz
They Onlar
Personal pronouns
POSITIVE

To form a positive verb we start off with the verb root. If the verb root ends in a vowel, we drop the vowel at the end completely.

Reported Past Tense

Reported Past Tense
(mış/miş/muş/müş)
There are two types of past tense in Turkish: definite past tense and reported past tense.

We use reported past tense for events that are "reported" to us by someone else. It is used when there isn't complete certainty about whether a particular event has taken place or not.

For example, let's say you ask your friend about where he went for the summer holiday. He tells you that he went to Turkey. Now if someone else asks you about where your friend went for the holiday, you would tell them "Arkadaşım Türkiyeye gitmiş" ("My friend went to Turkey"). Since you didn't witness your friend spend his holiday, the information is only reported.

Since reported past tense has no equivalent in English, definite and reported past tense usually look the same when translated:

Arkadaşım Türkiyeye gitti - My friend went to Turkey
Arkadaşım Türkiyeye gitmiş - My friend went to Turkey

Definite Past Tense

Definite Past Tense
(dı/di/du/dü)
There are two types of past tense in Turkish: definite past tense and reported past tense.

Definite past tense is similar to ordinary past tense in English. We use it when we know for sure that something has taken place. In other words when there is certainty about something that has happened.

The definite past tense attaches the suffixes "dı/di/du/dü" to the verb root. We obtain the verb root by removing "mak/mek" from the infinitive form. For example, the verb root of "yazmak" would be "yaz", "düşmek" would be "düş" and "izlemek" would be "izle".

We can express the definite past tense in four ways:

Positive (Eg. I wrote)
Negative (Eg. I did not write)
Positive Question (Eg. Did I write?)
Negative Question (Eg. Did I not write?)
I Ben
You Sen
He / She / It O
We Biz
You (Plural) Siz
They Onlar
Personal pronouns
POSITIVE

Punctuation

Punctuation
Full stop . Nokta
Comma , Virgül
Question mark ? Soru işareti
Exclamation mark ! Ünlem işareti
Apostrophe ' Kesme işareti
Quotation marks " " Tırnak işaretleri
Colon : İki nokta
Semi-colon ; Noktalı virgül
Parentheses ( ) Parantez
Forward slash / Eğik çizgi

Opposites

Opposites
Good İyi
Bad Kötü
Open Açık
Closed Kapalı
Happy Mutlu
Sad Üzgün
Beautiful Güzel
Ugly Çirkin
Big Büyük
Small Küçük
Hot Sıcak
Cold Soğuk
Easy Kolay
Difficult Zor
Far Uzak
Near Yakın
Young Genç
Old Yaşlı
New Yeni
Old Eski
Clean Temiz
Dirty Kirli
Long Uzun
Short Kısa
Married Evli
Single Bekar
Fat Şişman
Thin Zayıf
Rich Zengin
Poor Fakir
Thick Kalın
Thin İnce
Fast Hızlı
Slow Yavaş
Broad Geniş
Narrow Dar
Hard Sert
Soft Yumuşak
Expensive Pahalı
Cheap Ucuz
Wet Islak
Dry Kuru
Hardworking Çalışkan
Lazy Tembel

Occasions

Occasions
Congratulations
Tebrikler

Get well soon
Geçmiş olsun

Bon voyage
Hayırlı yolculuklar

Enjoy your meal
Afiyet olsun

Ramadan Mubarak
Ramazanınız Mübarek Olsun

Eid Mubarak
Bayramınız Mübarek Olsun

Happy Eid
Hayırlı Bayramlar

Jumuah Mubarakah
Cumanız Mübarek Olsun

May Allah have mercy on his/her soul (when someone dies)
Allah rahmet eylesin

Shopping

Shopping
I would like to buy a __________
_________ almak istiyorum

Do you have _________?
_________ var mı?

How much is this?
Bunun fiyatı ne?

Ok, I'll take it
Tamam alacağım

What is your size? (Clothing)
Kaç beden giyiyorsunuz?

My size is ___
___ beden giyiyorum

What color would you like?
Ne renk istiyorsunuz?

I would like [color]
_______ renk istiyorum

Eating

Eating
Could we have the menu please
Bize menüyü getirir misin

What would you like to eat?
Ne yemek istiyorsunuz?

I'll have the ___________ and the ___________
___________ ve ___________ alayım

I'll have one/two portions of the __________
Ben bir/iki porsiyon __________ alayım

Could I have the bill please
Hesap lütfen

Enjoy your meal
Afiyet olsun

Restaurant
Lokanta

Waiter
Garson

Menu
Menü

Bill
Hesap

Food
Yemek

Soup
Çorba

Salad
Salata

Bread
Ekmek

Meat
Et

Beef
Sığır eti

Chicken
Tavuk

Fish
Balık

Rice
Pilav

Dessert
Tatlı

Drink
İçecek

Water
Su

Cola
Kola

Tea
Çay

Coffee
Kahve

Directions

Directions
Can you help me?
Bana yardımcı olabilir misiniz?

I'm lost
Kayboldum

Where is __________ ?
__________ neresi?

I am looking for a __________
Ben bir __________ arıyorum

How far is it from here?
Ne kadar uzaklıkta?

Do you have a map?
Haritanız var mı?

Where does this road go to?
Bu yol nereye gidiyor?

Is this [place name] ?
Burası ____________ mı?

Thank you very much
Çok teşekkür ederim

Go straight
Düz git

Turn right
Sağa dön

Turn left
Sola dön

Traffic lights
Trafik ışıkları

Map
Harita

Meeting People

Meeting People
Hello
Merhaba

Good morning
Günaydın

Good day
İyi günler

Good evening
İyi akşamlar

What's up? (Informal)
Ne var ne yok?

Welcome
Hoş geldiniz

Thank you (Reply to "Welcome")
Hoş bulduk

How are you?
Nasılsınız?

I am fine thank you
Teşekkür ederim iyiyim

What is your name?
Adınız ne?

My name is _______
Adım _______

How old are you?
Kaç yaşındasınız?

I am 20 years old
Ben yirmi yaşındayım

Where are you from?
Nerelisiniz?

I speak English
Ben İngilizce konuşuyorum

I am learning Turkish
Ben Türkçe öğreniyorum

Pleased to meet you
Memnun oldum

Pleased to meet you too
Ben de memnun oldum

Basic Phrases

Basic Phrases
Hello
Merhaba

My name is _____
Benim adım _____

How are you?
Nasılsınız?

I am fine thank you
Teşekkür ederim iyiyim

Pleased to meet you
Memnun oldum

Pleased to meet you too
Ben de memnun oldum

The weather is really nice today
Bugün hava çok güzel

I speak English
Ben İngilizce konuşuyorum

I am learning Turkish
Ben Türkçe öğreniyorum

See you
Görüşürüz

What's this?
Bu ne?

This is a _______
Bu _______

Can you help me?
Bana yardımcı olabilir misiniz?

What does this mean?
Bu ne demek?

I understand
Anladım

I don't understand
Anlamadım

Do you have a _______?
_______ var mı?

Yes
Evet

No
Hayır

Please
Lütfen

Thank you
Teşekkür ederim

You're welcome
Rica ederim

Transport

Transport
Aeroplane Uçak
Bicycle Bisiklet
Boat Tekne
Bus Otobüs
Car Araba
Ferry Feribot / Vapur
Helicopter Helikopter
Motorbike Motosiklet
Scooter Skuter
Ship Gemi
Subway / Underground Railway Metro
Taxi Taksi
Train Tren
Tram Tramvay
Truck Kamyon

School

School
Bell Zil
Blackboard Tahta
Chair Sandalye
Class / Grade Sınıf
Desk Masa
Elementary School İlkokul
Holiday Tatil
Homework Ödev
Lesson Ders
Middle School Ortaokul
Principal Okul müdürü
Recess / Break Teneffüs
School Okul
Secondary School / High School Lise
Student Öğrenci
Subject Ders
Teacher Öğretmen
Test Sınav
Uniform Kıyafet
STATIONERY
Chalk Tebeşir
Eraser Silgi
Glue Tutkal
Notebook Defter
Pen Kalem
Pencil Kurşun kalem
Ruler Cetvel
Scissor Makas
Sharpener Kalemtıraş
Textbook Kitap
SUBJECTS
Biology Biyoloji
Chemistry Kimya
English İngilizce
French Fransızca
Geography Coğrafya
Geometry Geometri
German Almanca
History Tarih
Literature Edebiyat
Mathematics Matematik
Philosophy Felsefe
Physics Fizik
Spanish İspanyolca
Turkish Türkçe

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